Difference between revisions of "Mint"

From Chanticleer Society
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The ingredient in mint which provides it's distinctive flavor and aroma is Menthol, which is present in various degrees in all varieties<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menthol Menthol] (Wikipedia)</ref>.
 
The ingredient in mint which provides it's distinctive flavor and aroma is Menthol, which is present in various degrees in all varieties<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menthol Menthol] (Wikipedia)</ref>.
  
==Spearmint==
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===Spearmint===
  
 
Spearmint (Mentha spicata) is one of the more common and popular forms of mint, and is popularly used in beverages.
 
Spearmint (Mentha spicata) is one of the more common and popular forms of mint, and is popularly used in beverages.
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There are several sub-cultivars within Spearmint, some of the more popular include:
 
There are several sub-cultivars within Spearmint, some of the more popular include:
  
;Kentucky Colonel: sometimes (mis)classified as "Mentha cordifolia", which is simply an alternate (and apparently unaccepted) name for Spearmint.
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====Kentucky Colonel====
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Sometimes (mis)classified as "Mentha cordifolia", which is simply an alternate (and apparently unaccepted) name for Spearmint.
  
;Apple Mint: Mentha Suaveolens
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====Apple Mint====Mentha Suaveolens
 
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====Banana Mint====Mentha arvensis ‘Banana’
;Banana Mint: Mentha arvensis ‘Banana’
 
 
 
;Chocolate Mint: Mentha × Piperita ‘Chocolate Mint’
 
 
 
;Watermint: Mentha Aquatica
 
 
 
;Lavender Mint: Mentha × Piperita ‘Lavendula’
 
  
 
;Slender Mint: Mentha diemenica <ref>[https://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/gnp11/mentha-diemenica.html Mentha diemenica, Wild Mint, Slender Mint] (Australian National Herbarium)</ref> This dwarf, frost hearty, mint is native to Tasmania in Australia. It looks different from other mints, but can be used in most situations where common mint is called for.
 
;Slender Mint: Mentha diemenica <ref>[https://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/gnp11/mentha-diemenica.html Mentha diemenica, Wild Mint, Slender Mint] (Australian National Herbarium)</ref> This dwarf, frost hearty, mint is native to Tasmania in Australia. It looks different from other mints, but can be used in most situations where common mint is called for.
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;Eau de Cologne Mint, Lemon Mint: Mentha x Piperita Citrata (not an acceptable species classification, actually just aquatica)
 
;Eau de Cologne Mint, Lemon Mint: Mentha x Piperita Citrata (not an acceptable species classification, actually just aquatica)
 
;Strawberry Mint: Mentha Spicata Subsp. Citrata ‘Strawberry’
 
;Strawberry Mint: Mentha Spicata Subsp. Citrata ‘Strawberry’
;Grapefruit Mint: Mentha x Piperita ‘Grapefruit’
 
 
;Mojito Mint: Mentha × villosa
 
;Mojito Mint: Mentha × villosa
  
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;Field mint, wild mint: Mentha arvensis
 
;Field mint, wild mint: Mentha arvensis
 
;Gingermint: Mentha X gracilis
 
;Gingermint: Mentha X gracilis
;Peppermint: Mentha X piperita
 
 
;Mint: Mentha requienii
 
;Mint: Mentha requienii
 
;Bigleaf mint, mint: Mentha X rotundifolia
 
;Bigleaf mint, mint: Mentha X rotundifolia
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===Peppermint===
  
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Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) is a hybrid variety, being a cross between Spearmint and Water Mint. It's menthol content is 40%, far more than spearmint, which provides a stronger (and some will say overpowering) flavor, making it better for usages where a mint flavor needs to be predominate, but not in situations where it needs to play well with others.
  
 +
====Peppermint====Mentha x Piperita
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====Grapefruit Mint====Mentha x Piperita ‘Grapefruit’
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====Chocolate Mint====Mentha × Piperita ‘Chocolate Mint’
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====Lavender Mint====Mentha × Piperita ‘Lavendula’
  
==Peppermint==
 
  
Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) is a hybrid variety, being a cross between Spearmint and Water Mint. It's menthol content is 40%, far more than spearmint, which provides a stronger (and some will say overpowering) flavor, making it better for usages where a mint flavor needs to be predominate, but not in situations where it needs to play well with others.
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===Water Mint==
  
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Water Mint (Mentha aquatica) appears to have only one claim to fame, in that it is one-half of the lineage of Peppermint.
  
==Water Mint==
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====Watermint====Mentha Aquatica
  
Water Mint (Mentha aquatica) appears to have only one claim to fame, in that it is one-half of the lineage of Peppermint.
 
  
 
==Yerba Buena==
 
==Yerba Buena==

Revision as of 13:04, 22 June 2020

This page is very much a work in progress... My goal with this page is to try to list the various "types" of mint that might be used behind the bar by common name (ie. what you would see at a nursery) as well as details on what to expect flavorwise. Plus at the same time help to discuss the overall "mint" concept so that bartenders and cocktail enthusiasts will have a better idea of this rather complicated subject.

Mint is an increasingly common ingredient in several different cocktails, the Mojito and Mint Julep perhaps being the most well known. It is part of the plant family "Lamiaceae", which includes Rosemary, Lavender, Thyme, Hyssop, Marjoram, and Oregano.

Mentha

Within the plant family "Lamiaceae", Mint is also known as the genus "Mentha", with perhaps 24 known and accepted sub-species[1]. Mint, as one species or another, is a native plant almost throughout the world. It is not native in Central or South America, or in mid Africa but it has been introduced to many of these regionsMentha (Plants of the World)</ref> [2].

The ingredient in mint which provides it's distinctive flavor and aroma is Menthol, which is present in various degrees in all varieties[3].

Spearmint

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) is one of the more common and popular forms of mint, and is popularly used in beverages. The menthol content in spearmint is 0.5%, and it also contains "Carvone" (also found in Caraway and Dill) which has a sweet minty aroma.

There are several sub-cultivars within Spearmint, some of the more popular include:

Kentucky Colonel

Sometimes (mis)classified as "Mentha cordifolia", which is simply an alternate (and apparently unaccepted) name for Spearmint.

====Apple Mint====Mentha Suaveolens ====Banana Mint====Mentha arvensis ‘Banana’

Slender Mint
Mentha diemenica [4] This dwarf, frost hearty, mint is native to Tasmania in Australia. It looks different from other mints, but can be used in most situations where common mint is called for.
Egyptian Mint
Mentha Niliaca
Pennyroyal Mint
Mentha Pulegium
Horsemint
Mentha Longifolia (not an acceptable species classification, actually just spicata)
Corsican Mint
Mentha Requieni
Eau de Cologne Mint, Lemon Mint
Mentha x Piperita Citrata (not an acceptable species classification, actually just aquatica)
Strawberry Mint
Mentha Spicata Subsp. Citrata ‘Strawberry’
Mojito Mint
Mentha × villosa


Water mint
Mentha aquatica
Field mint, wild mint
Mentha arvensis
Gingermint
Mentha X gracilis
Mint
Mentha requienii
Bigleaf mint, mint
Mentha X rotundifolia
Smith's mint
Mentha X smithiana Graham
bush mint, spearmint
Mentha spicata
bigleaf mint, mint, apple mint
Mentha suaveolens
mint
Mentha X verticillata
hairy mint
Mentha X villosa


Peppermint

Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) is a hybrid variety, being a cross between Spearmint and Water Mint. It's menthol content is 40%, far more than spearmint, which provides a stronger (and some will say overpowering) flavor, making it better for usages where a mint flavor needs to be predominate, but not in situations where it needs to play well with others.

====Peppermint====Mentha x Piperita ====Grapefruit Mint====Mentha x Piperita ‘Grapefruit’ ====Chocolate Mint====Mentha × Piperita ‘Chocolate Mint’ ====Lavender Mint====Mentha × Piperita ‘Lavendula’


=Water Mint

Water Mint (Mentha aquatica) appears to have only one claim to fame, in that it is one-half of the lineage of Peppermint.

====Watermint====Mentha Aquatica


Yerba Buena

Yerba Buena, which literally means "Good Herb" in Spanish, is a general term that is applied to different herbs in different locales. Almost exclusively it is used to refer to a variety of mint, whichever one grows commonly and wild in that particular region.

Central America
Eau de Cologne mint, is a true mint and can sometimes be referred to as "bergamot mint". It has a strong citrus-like aroma and has a history of being used medicinally as well as culinary usages.
Cuba
Mentha X villosa (aka: "Mentha nemorosa", "Mentha alopecuroides", Large apple mint, foxtail mint, hairy mint, woolly mint, Cuban mint, Mojito mint). While mint does not appear to be native to Cuba, at some time in the past it was introduced and took hold, becoming a popular culinary and medicinal ingredient.
Puerto Rico
Satureja viminea (aka: Bush mint, Jamaican Mint Tree).
Philippines
Mentha Cordifolia (aka: Marsh Mint) [5]
Western United States
Clinopodium douglasii (aka: Satureja douglasii, Micromeria douglasii) is part of the genus Clinopodium, which is loosely related to Mentha, and has a menthol content which allows it to be a "local" substitute for mint in teas and some cooking applications.


References

  1. Mentha Plants of the World
  2. Mentha (Integrated Taxonomic Information System)
  3. Menthol (Wikipedia)
  4. Mentha diemenica, Wild Mint, Slender Mint (Australian National Herbarium)
  5. Herba Buena (Healing Wonders of Philippine Medicinal Plants)